Crypto Programming Languages You Need to Know!

The crypto world is buzzing with terms like blockchains, DeFi, smart contracts, NFTs, Web3, etc., but who makes them? Blockchain Developers, you say? Well, then, what do they use to make them? Which are the top Blockchain Crypto Programming Languages you need to know in 2022? Also, why should developers learn these languages?

Why Study Crypto Programming Languages?

The primary reason developers should start learning Crypto Programming Languages is to create Web3 products. Another reason why learning such languages can help if they want to pursue their careers in Web3 development or want to create their own blockchain, NFTs, smart contracts, etc.

Advantages of Learning Blockchain Programming Languages

There are numerous advantages of learning crypto, blockchain, and NFT Programming Language in 2022. With the emergence of the Crypto Industry in recent years, the evolution of the internet demands the facilities offered by using such languages.

Learning blockchain programming coding can help a developer to:

  • Become a Blockchain Architect
  • Mint NFTs for self or others
  • Become a Crypto Programmer
  • Develop Web3 solutions
  • Create Smart Contracts
  • And much more

Top Crypto Blockchain Programming Languages in 2022

So, do you want to learn the Blockchain Programming Languages for yourself or make your career in the Web3 space? Here are the requirements for the core programming languages you should learn to create or interact with the blockchain!

Crypto Programming Languages

1. Solidity

It is a programming language developed by the creators of the Ethereum blockchain, with the primary purpose of deploying smart contracts and DApps. These reasons alone make it among the essential Crypto Programming Languages to learn because the ETH blockchain is leading the crypto market.

Despite being a high-level programming language, it is similar to JavaScript and the ECMA-262 specification. Collectively, it makes the language flexible and understandable on a human level. The smart contracts created by it can also be ported to other blockchain platforms. Currently, it is used by the following blockchains, Ethereum, Chainlink, Sushiswap, and Compound Protocol.

2. Python

Crypto Programming Languages

It is an object-oriented language that lets developers prototype ideas quickly with (if) required long-winded coding. To date, it is among the most used and one of the top 5 programming languages as per the TIOBE and PYPL ratings.

Its huge open source support should make it easier for new developers to learn the ropes of blockchain development. The uses of Python are also evident for managing or implementing crypto exchange development. Its frameworks and libraries should be resourceful to beginners, as it’s currently used for projects like Hyperledger Fabric, Ethereum, NEO, and Steemit.

3. GoLang

Crypto Programming Languages

It is a compiled multi-threaded programming language developed initially at Google using open source C language. The language singularly allows running multiple processes simultaneously, supporting simultaneous programming. Its use majorly sees it interact with distributed systems because it’s fast and efficient.

GoLang makes the list of the leading Blockchain Programming Languages for an additional reason. The Hyperledger Fabric uses it besides being used to create NFT marketplaces, while it was initially developed to replace C++/C. Its community size exceeds 800,000 people, and it’s currently being used in projects like GoChain, Dero, Loom Network, and Ethereum.

4. C++


It is one of the oldest known Crypto Programming Languages and the base for many development programming languages in existence. Its object-oriented programming nature as the extension of the C language aligns well with internal blockchain development. Besides being used for creating blockchain apps, it’s also used for manipulating the blocks within the blockchain.

Due to its flexibility, it was initially used to create Bitcoins. However, today its uses exceed the development of EOS smart contracts, writing XRP Ledger, and decentralized crypto ledger. Nearly all of the crypto projects use it, including the likes of Monero, Ripple, EOS, Stellar, and Litecoin.

5. Java

Crypto Programming Languages

Java programming language has majorly been connected to developing applications and games and for web systems. While it lets developers freely manage app logic without focusing on integration activity, its use for handling multiple asynchronous applications is pretty ideal. Such reasons make it ideal as the programming language for Blockchain development, but there’s more.

Despite being less resource-efficient than C++, its code can run on all machines, irrespective of the platform or the architecture.

It’s used by many projects for smart blockchain app deployments like Truffle and ARK,  besides Java software being the environment for running EVM Ethereum scripts and the underlying NEM blockchain network. Other popular projects that use Java include NEM, IOTA, Ethereum, NEO, and Hyperledger Fabric.

Top Smart Contracts Crypto Programming Languages in 2022

Another aspect of becoming a top-level blockchain developer involves learning to be able to code smart contracts. Nearly all blockchain crypto jobs will demand it because every blockchain needs them to automate transactions.

Hence, the leading Smart Contract Programming Language that a developer should know in 2022 are as follows:

1. Solidity


The statically-typed programming language Solidity is the top Smart Contract Programming Language. Since its base is derived from languages like C++, Python, and JavaScript, it is easier to adopt and thus used widely to create smart contracts.

Solidity, owning a wider market adoption, is currently used by many companies for Web3 development related to decentralized app creation. Similar to Java and Java Virtual Machine (JVM), it runs on EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine).

2. Rust


The Stack overflow surveys remark Rust as one of the most preferred programming languages for five subsequent years. The low-level statically-typed programming language is quick and efficient for scalability, retaining simplicity and memory efficiency while being complex. Such factors make it among the leading choices for blockchain development.

Solana Blockchain, the quickest blockchain ever, is based entirely on Rust at its core.

Rust is good for smart contracts development because it shows the error causes, highlights relevant code and explains its fix. Based on this, it’s easier to make structs and data for building high throughput decentralized applications.

3. JavaScript

Blockchains create a JavaScript wrapper or library to make developers easily jump into the ecosystem for building Web3 products. It’s among the well used Crypto Programming Languages for smart contracts because of its vast collection of these libraries. They help developers to interact with Ethereum smart contracts using IPC, HTTP, or WebSocket.

The Solana Foundation has created numerous such wrappers around the Solana Rust programs that let developers build DApps on the blockchain. Thus, its comparatively faster development time, combined with a vast collection of libraries, makes it essential to learn.

4. Vyper


It is similar to Python as it is a contract-oriented programming language targeted at EVM. Its specific features make it a useful Smart Contract Programming Language, including event notifiers for listeners, global constants and custom global variables. It serves to address the security issues within the Solidity language, complementing it.

Vyper has fewer features than Solidity for making contracts secure against modifications and simpler to audit. Therefore, such contracts are less prone to attacks and are generally easier to read for humans while computing precise upper limits for gas consumption.

5. Yul

It is an intermediate programming language compiled to bytecode to solve various back-end needs. An experimental implementation of the Solidity compiler uses Yul, which is alternatively also used as a standalone for inline assembly within Solidity.

The planned support offered by Yul for EVM and EWAsm (Ethereum WebAssembly) can also be used as a common denominator for both platforms by design. Its purposeful during stages of high-level optimization, easy readability, and high-level constructs creation serves to make it simple to use and to avoid confusion.

Top NFT Crypto Programming Languages in 2022

Why not learn Blockchain Programming Languages while learning how to make NFTs with code to be a top crypto developer? Check out these top programming languages that are used to create NFTs across different blockchain platforms!

1. Solidity

Solidity remains the best NFT Programming Language as it exclusively built and supports the Ethereum blockchain and smart contracts. Learning it will help you create NFTs and integrate them with smart contracts containing core or layer metadata.

2. JavaScript


The popular Blockchain Programming Languages JavaScript is also an NFT Programming Language because it’s used jointly with Solidity and JSON. The Remix Workspace by Ethereum is a collection of JavaScript libraries that lets users create their NFTs. Many guides for doing the same are already available on the web, while certification NFT creation courses also use JavaScript programming.

Final Words

Although, on the surface, it may appear simple to start learning these Crypto Programming Languages, understanding their implementation is the key. These languages can collectively allow a developer to make everything from the blockchain systems, DApps, Smart Contracts, and NFTs.
Hence, don’t forget to parallelly brush up your skills on the Smart Contract Programming Language to be a master crypto developer.


Q. Which programming language is best for cryptocurrency?

C++ is the best programming language for cryptocurrency development. The popular Binance coins were initially made using the C++ language. It follows the OOPs, using which many other cryptos have been made, like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, etc.

Q. How do I become an NFT developer?

A developer must be familiar with the blockchain programming languages like Solidity, JavaScript, and C++, among others, to start building NFTs. At the same time, learning Smart Contract Programming Language is also essential to be able to mint NFTs.

Q. What coding language should I learn for NFT?

Mostly the NFT Programming Language that is used is the Solidity programming language. Its use also harnesses the Truffle framework, Javascript and HTML/CSS.

Q. Is Python good for blockchain development?

Python is one widely used language for developing Blockchains and their ecosystem products. It’s highly functional, flexible, and dependable even though blockchain is mainly made using C++ code. Therefore, some data scientists exclusively prefer using other languages like Python for blockchain development.

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